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Bug 71595 - dev-util/cscope: Race condition on temporary file
Summary: dev-util/cscope: Race condition on temporary file
Alias: None
Product: Gentoo Security
Classification: Unclassified
Component: Vulnerabilities (show other bugs)
Hardware: All All
: High minor (vote)
Assignee: Gentoo Security
Whiteboard: B3 [glsa] lewk
Depends on:
Reported: 2004-11-17 13:53 UTC by Luke Macken (RETIRED)
Modified: 2005-02-19 15:17 UTC (History)
6 users (show)

See Also:
Package list:
Runtime testing required: ---

cscope-tempfile.patch (cscope-tempfile.patch,1.03 KB, patch)
2004-11-17 19:34 UTC, Luke Macken (RETIRED)
no flags Details | Diff
the first patch (scope.patch,2.76 KB, patch)
2004-11-23 07:40 UTC, Florian Schilhabel (RETIRED)
no flags Details | Diff
CAN-2004-0996.patch (CAN-2004-0996.patch,1.68 KB, patch)
2004-11-25 01:49 UTC, Sune Kloppenborg Jeppesen
no flags Details | Diff
Corrected Florian's patch (cscope.patch,2.77 KB, patch)
2004-12-03 08:28 UTC, Thierry Carrez (RETIRED)
no flags Details | Diff
Debian patch from their cscope_15.5-1.1 (debian-CAN-2004-0996.patch,1.39 KB, patch)
2004-12-05 13:58 UTC, Matthias Geerdsen (RETIRED)
no flags Details | Diff
cscope-tempfile.diff (cscope-tempfile.diff,2.84 KB, patch)
2004-12-07 13:15 UTC, Luke Macken (RETIRED)
no flags Details | Diff

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Description Luke Macken (RETIRED) gentoo-dev 2004-11-17 13:53:47 UTC
|############################ REXOTEC(dot)COM ###############################
|=-----=[ ADV RX171104 - Cscope :: Race condition on temporary file  ]-----=|
   VulnDiscovery:       2003/05/21
   Release Date :       2004/11/17
   Author       :       Gangstuck / Psirac <>

   Application  :       Cscope
   Affected     :       All version (last one is cscope-15.5)
   Platforms    :       Linux, SCO, SunOS/Solaris, ...
   Risk         :       Critical
   Severity     :       Allow local user to compromise filesystem.

   Vendor       :
   Reference    :

   Status       :       vendor has just been notified.


   Cscope is a developper's tool under the BSD license used to browse 
   source code.

   His Unix pedigree is impeccable and has originally been developped at 
   Bell Labs back in PDP-11's days. Cscope was a part of the official 
   AT&T Unix distribution for many years and has been used to manage
   projects involving 20 million lines of code !


   First, the temporary directory (P_tmpdir="/tmp") is badly handled 
   in every myfopen() internal call.
   As all we know, creation of predictable temporary file allows any 
   local attacker to remove arbitrary files on the vulnerable file 
   system via the infamous symlink vulnerability.

        /src/main.c :

                char    temp1 [PATHLEN + 1];     /* temporary file name */
                char    temp2 [PATHLEN + 1];     /* temporary file name */
                tmpdir = mygetenv("TMPDIR", TMPDIR);
                /* create the temporary file names */
                pid = getpid();
                (void) sprintf(temp1, "%s/cscope%d.1", tmpdir, pid);
                (void) sprintf(temp2, "%s/cscope%d.2", tmpdir, pid);
      Before us are the computing of two predictable files names (resulting
      in a schema like "/tmp/cscopeNEXTPID.numba"). So, we just have to probe 
      the pid numba and make the same template which to be used for
      temporary file creation. Then,  cscope handle the files with
      wrong set of flags and compromise root filesystem due 
      to symlink vulnerability.

|=---[ - EXPLOITS - Proof of concept

*** CUT -- See URL ***
Comment 1 Luke Macken (RETIRED) gentoo-dev 2004-11-17 14:11:56 UTC
Sent an email upstream regarding this issue.
Comment 2 Luke Macken (RETIRED) gentoo-dev 2004-11-17 19:34:13 UTC
Created attachment 44199 [details, diff]

 * Cscope patch by REXOTEC - version 15-5 and minors
 *		<>
Comment 3 Luke Macken (RETIRED) gentoo-dev 2004-11-17 19:35:45 UTC
Oops, I didn't even see the patch in the advisory...

vim/emacs herd.. please verify/apply patch.
Comment 4 Matthew Kennedy (RETIRED) gentoo-dev 2004-11-18 00:59:32 UTC
I have applied the patch which will work on any arch using glibc.  Users should upgrade from dev-util/cscope-15.5 to 15.5-r1.
Comment 5 Sune Kloppenborg Jeppesen gentoo-dev 2004-11-18 01:43:15 UTC
Thanks Matthew.

This one is ready for GLSA
Comment 6 Luke Macken (RETIRED) gentoo-dev 2004-11-18 05:09:20 UTC
Just recieved message from upstream saying that the patch is insufficient.

Moving bug to inhouse status; we should probably remove the patch and develop something internally because the upstream seems pretty stumped.  We've had plent of tempfile vulnerabilities latley, I'm sure we can figure this one out... unless someone has a better plan of action?

<upstream email>
Well, I can't verify it was 'Rexolab' who reported this, but yes, I
did receive a report about this at the bug tracker for cscope:

Whoever posted that thing never bothered to suggest a solution, though,
and the solution suggested by Rexolab in his post to Bugtraq is
insufficient, which makes me suspect he didn't follow our discussion on
that bug report, either.

I've been pondering this issue, but haven't arrived at a good solution
yet.  Lack of time and lack of expertise in such matters both apply...

Hans-Bernhard Broeker (
</upstream email>
Comment 7 Florian Schilhabel (RETIRED) gentoo-dev 2004-11-18 05:28:44 UTC
i will take care of this...

best regards

florian [ruth]
Comment 8 Florian Schilhabel (RETIRED) gentoo-dev 2004-11-23 07:40:12 UTC
Created attachment 44571 [details, diff]
the first patch

please note, that the patch is some sort of a first try on this issue...

the authors says, the program is running on all kind of arches; i just dont
have all the machines to test for availability on mkdtemp()

so please check and tell me, if something like that would be ok...
best regards
Comment 9 Dan Margolis (RETIRED) gentoo-dev 2004-11-23 08:23:30 UTC
Patch looks ok to me. Seemes to work fine. 
Comment 10 Matthew Kennedy (RETIRED) gentoo-dev 2004-11-23 11:41:25 UTC
+char	tmpdir[2048];		/* temporary directory */
+	tmpdir[sizeof(tmpdir)] = '\0';

I think the last line should be:

tmpdir[sizeof(tmpdir) - 1] = '\0';
Comment 11 Sune Kloppenborg Jeppesen gentoo-dev 2004-11-25 01:49:53 UTC
Created attachment 44698 [details, diff]

Debian patch.
Comment 12 Luke Macken (RETIRED) gentoo-dev 2004-11-28 10:39:52 UTC
ciaranm, please apply the CAN-2004-0996.patch to cscope.
Comment 13 Ciaran McCreesh 2004-11-28 11:31:39 UTC
cscope-15.5-r2 patched, KEYWORDS="~x86 ~ppc sparc mips ~alpha ~arm ~hppa ~amd64 ~ia64 ~s390 ~ppc64"
Comment 14 Luke Macken (RETIRED) gentoo-dev 2004-11-28 11:52:27 UTC
arches, please mark cscop-15.5-r2 stable.
Comment 15 Tim Yamin (RETIRED) gentoo-dev 2004-11-28 13:16:24 UTC
Stable on IA64.
Comment 16 Markus Rothe (RETIRED) gentoo-dev 2004-11-28 13:26:17 UTC
stable on ppc64
Comment 17 Karol Wojtaszek (RETIRED) gentoo-dev 2004-11-28 13:52:39 UTC
Stable on amd64
Comment 18 Luca Barbato gentoo-dev 2004-11-28 23:00:20 UTC
stable on ppc
Comment 19 Bryan Østergaard (RETIRED) gentoo-dev 2004-11-29 18:24:13 UTC
Stable on alpha.
Comment 20 Guy Martin (RETIRED) gentoo-dev 2004-11-30 04:30:03 UTC
Stable on hppa.
Comment 21 Matthew Kennedy (RETIRED) gentoo-dev 2004-11-30 12:11:34 UTC
Anyone testing this?  This release (15.5-r2) doesn't seem to work.


mkennedy@camus:~/work/gyach$ cscope -vRl
Building cross-reference...
>> 1main
cscope: 6 lines
src/main.c main 2210 int main( int argc, char **argv ) {
src/md5.c main 50 main()
src/md5.c main 87 main()
{arch}/++pristine-trees/unlocked/vendor/vendor--gyach/vendor--gyach--0.9.8/ main 2210 int main( int argc, char **argv ) {
{arch}/++pristine-trees/unlocked/vendor/vendor--gyach/vendor--gyach--0.9.8/ main 50 main(){arch}/++pristine-trees/unlocked/vendor/vendor--gyach/vendor--gyach--0.9.8/ main 87 main()>> q

And here is cscope-15.5-r2 (the security fix).  The result is reproducable on 2 pretty different x86 machines:

mkennedy@camus:~/work/gyach$ cscope -vRl
Building cross-reference...
>> 1main
Cannot open file /tmp/cscopidcEVg
cscope: 0 lines
Segmentation fault

Here's a backtrace I haven't had time time investigate further.

mkennedy@camus:~/work/gyach$ gdb -q /usr/bin/cscope
Using host libthread_db library "/lib/".
(gdb) set args "-vRl"
(gdb) r
Starting program: /usr/bin/cscope "-vRl"
Building cross-reference...
>> 1main
Cannot open file /tmp/cscop85vG6n
cscope: 0 lines

Program received signal SIGSEGV, Segmentation fault.
0xb7ed38af in getc () from /lib/
(gdb) bt full
#0  0xb7ed38af in getc () from /lib/
No symbol table info available.
#1  0x0805c374 in main (argc=0, argv=0xbffff348) at main.c:608
        buf = "1main\000\000\uffff", '\0' <repeats 12 times>, "\uffff\210\uffff\uffff\uffff\uffff\uffff\uffff\036,\000\000\000\000\000\001\000\000\000\000\000\220\uffff\uffff", '\0' <repeats 28 times>, "\001", '\0' <repeats 39 times>, "\006\000\000\000\uffff\210\uffff\uffff\uffff\uffff\017\000Q", '\0' <repeats 27 times>, ".\uffff\uffff\uffff\000\000\000\000L\016\000\uffff4\200\004\b\b\000\000\000\uffff\uffff\uffff\uffff\236\236\uffff\uffff4\200\004\b\000\001\000\000\uffff\uffff\uffff\uffff\000\000\000-\003\000\000\000n\uffff\uffff\uffff\000\uffff\uffff\uffff\b\000\000\0004\200\004\b@\235\004\bLinux", '\0' <repeats 26 times>
        names = (FILE *) 0xb7f9c9b8
        oldnum = 0
        path = '\0' <repeats 15 times>, "#\016p\uffff\uffff1\216\004\b\uffff\231\uffff\uffffL\016\000\uffff\000\000\000\000\000\000\000\000\024\uffff\uffff\uffff\uffff0\uffff\uffff\uffff\235\uffff\uffff\t\221\004\b\000\000\000\000\000\000\000\000 ", '\0' <repeats 11 times>, "\200\236\uffff\uffff<M\uffff\uffff\uffff\uffff\uffff\uffff\020\232\uffff\uffff\004\000\000\000\uffff\234\uffff\uffff\020\235\uffff\uffffL\016\000\uffff\uffff\221\uffff\uffffZ\220\004\b\uffff\uffff\uffff\uffff5&\uffff\uffffZ\220\004\b\216\uffffw\001\234\211\004\b|\uffff\uffff\uffffX\221\uffff\uffff\002\000\000\000\020\235\uffff\uffff\001\000\000\000\000\000\000\000\001\000\000\000X\221\uffff\uffff\000\000\000\000\000\000\000\000|\uffff\uffff\uffff", '\0' <repeats 20 times>, "\uffff\uffff\uffff\uffff\uffff\uffff\uffff\uffff\uffff\uffff\uffff\uffff\uffff\uffff\uffff\uffff"...
        oldrefs = (FILE *) 0x0
        s = 0xbffff015 ""
        c = 0
        i = 0
        pid = 0
        stat_buf = {st_dev = 8450, __pad1 = 0, st_ino = 15, st_mode = 17407,
  st_nlink = 10, st_uid = 0, st_gid = 0, st_rdev = 0, __pad2 = 0,
  st_size = 888, st_blksize = 131072, st_blocks = 1, st_atim = {
    tv_sec = 1101837263, tv_nsec = 210196346}, st_mtim = {tv_sec = 1101838934,
    tv_nsec = 49140416}, st_ctim = {tv_sec = 1101838934, tv_nsec = 49140416},
  __unused4 = 0, __unused5 = 0}
Comment 22 Greg Kroah-Hartman (RETIRED) gentoo-dev 2004-12-01 09:58:45 UTC
Ick, I think this patch just caused a bug.

If you do:
$ cscope -q -b -i cscope.files -k

I get the following error:
  Removed file /home/greg/tmp/cscopaTa89u because write failed: File exists

and the building of the cscope database for the files I specified does not happen.
Comment 23 Greg Kroah-Hartman (RETIRED) gentoo-dev 2004-12-01 10:02:48 UTC
Yes, if I go back to cscope-15.5-r1 the above "build a cscope database" command
works just fine.
Comment 24 Ciaran McCreesh 2004-12-01 10:44:08 UTC
Meh! Yeah, looks like this breaks some of the interfaces to cscope.
Comment 25 Thierry Carrez (RETIRED) gentoo-dev 2004-12-01 10:51:22 UTC
Going back to ebuild status the time we find a cleaner patch.
Comment 26 Luke Macken (RETIRED) gentoo-dev 2004-12-02 09:40:00 UTC
We could go back to Florian's first patch (+ modifications from comment #10).  What do you guys think?
Comment 27 Thierry Carrez (RETIRED) gentoo-dev 2004-12-03 08:28:08 UTC
Created attachment 45208 [details, diff]
Corrected Florian's patch

Here is Florian's patch, corrected with comment #10
Comment 28 Thierry Carrez (RETIRED) gentoo-dev 2004-12-03 08:29:48 UTC
I don't feel very comfortable applying modified Florian's patch without him being here to double-check it's clean... but I guess we don't have much choice ?
Comment 29 Luke Macken (RETIRED) gentoo-dev 2004-12-03 09:05:42 UTC
I don't think we should blindly apply this patch without making sure it is sufficient.  Before we come to any conclusions, I think it would be best for florian to get involved in the bug (  to bring him up to speed a little bit and to see what the dev has to say.

(Also, this is CAN-2004-0996)
Comment 30 Matthias Geerdsen (RETIRED) gentoo-dev 2004-12-05 11:56:58 UTC
Debian has published a fixed version (15.5-1.1).
* NMU to fix temp file security hole. Closes: #282815 (CAN-2004-0996)
   * Incorporates a patch by Martin Pitt <>:
   * SECURITY UPDATE: insecure temp file creation vulnerability
   * src/main.c:
     - modified the temporary file creation procedure
   * References:
     - CAN-2004-0996
   * Thanks to Gerardo Di Giacomo <> for his assistance with
     the patch

Haven't seen it on the mirrors yet though, but should be available soon.
Comment 31 Luke Macken (RETIRED) gentoo-dev 2004-12-05 13:39:43 UTC
Sent an email upstream with both patches.  Waiting for a response with his opinion.
Comment 32 Matthias Geerdsen (RETIRED) gentoo-dev 2004-12-05 13:58:17 UTC
Created attachment 45342 [details, diff]
Debian patch from their cscope_15.5-1.1
Comment 33 Matthias Geerdsen (RETIRED) gentoo-dev 2004-12-05 14:03:03 UTC
Debian patch is identical to the Ubuntu patch, which seems to have been changed in the mean time (compared to attachment 44698 [details, diff]).
Comment 34 Luke Macken (RETIRED) gentoo-dev 2004-12-06 20:26:03 UTC
Response from upstream:

- - -
The patch under link [2] (Debian/Ubuntu) is effectively a placebo, caused by serious lack of analysis.  It grasps much too short, because the author didn't
understand the way cscope (re)uses temp files.  I've explained this several times, both in our bug tracker and in my reply mail to Rexolab's post.  I fail to see how people managed to miss that.

Patch [1] (Ours, woo!) (i.e. a private temp file directory) is essentially the same thing we'll eventually do (work done by Neil Horman at redhat).  Of the suggestions I've seen, I'm quite sure that's the only one that can work without re-implementing the entire way cscope handles temp files.
- - -

Ciaran, please apply patch from comment #27...
Comment 35 Luke Macken (RETIRED) gentoo-dev 2004-12-07 13:15:00 UTC
Created attachment 45463 [details, diff]

Fixed typo in Koon's updated patch.

- if (ret == NULL)s
+ if (ret == NULL)
Comment 36 Luke Macken (RETIRED) gentoo-dev 2004-12-09 13:01:56 UTC
mkennedy, please apply latest patch.
Comment 37 Luke Macken (RETIRED) gentoo-dev 2004-12-10 09:48:14 UTC
mkennedy is MIA at the moment, so can anyone in the Vim or Emacs herd please apply this patch?  This issue needs to get resolved soon.
Comment 38 Ryan Phillips (RETIRED) gentoo-dev 2004-12-10 17:06:51 UTC
-r3 has been commited and has been unmasked for x86... I'm going to leave the bug open, so I can go back and delete the old packages and the cscope-15.5-can-2004-0996.patch which is no longer needed.

Other architectures please unmask -r3, and security please issue a GLSA.
Comment 39 Daniel Black (RETIRED) gentoo-dev 2004-12-10 19:44:01 UTC
ppc keyworded
Comment 40 Markus Rothe (RETIRED) gentoo-dev 2004-12-10 23:53:50 UTC
stable on ppc64
Comment 41 Jason Wever (RETIRED) gentoo-dev 2004-12-11 07:11:22 UTC
Stable on sparc.
Comment 42 SpanKY gentoo-dev 2004-12-11 15:31:35 UTC
arm/hppa/ia64/s390 stable
Comment 43 PaX Team 2004-12-12 04:32:20 UTC
the rexotec patch 1. breaks cscope/vim (see bug #72160), 2. is not needed at all with the other fix that uses mkdtemp (unprivileged users can't create symlinks in the mode 0700 directory, which is the original source of the problem with /tmp). on a sidenote, snprintf() 0 terminates the buffer itself.
Comment 44 Bryan Østergaard (RETIRED) gentoo-dev 2004-12-13 00:17:38 UTC
Stable on alpha.
Comment 45 Thierry Carrez (RETIRED) gentoo-dev 2004-12-13 01:37:16 UTC
Calling amd64 to test and mark 15.5-r3 stable, apparently they were forgotten...
Comment 46 Jochen Maes (RETIRED) gentoo-dev 2004-12-16 06:02:40 UTC
done by dragonheart on ppc
Comment 47 Simon Stelling (RETIRED) gentoo-dev 2004-12-16 10:52:02 UTC
amd64 done
Comment 48 Luke Macken (RETIRED) gentoo-dev 2004-12-16 12:36:46 UTC
GLSA 200412-11

mips, please mark stable to benefit from GLSA.
Comment 49 Olle Hällnäs 2004-12-18 02:54:17 UTC
This is a bad patch for GCC2 users.
You introduce char template[] = "cscope.XXXXXX"; and char *ret;
in the wrong place. These should at the top och the main () funtion to compile using older gcc's than 3.x on x86

Comment 50 Hardave Riar (RETIRED) gentoo-dev 2005-02-19 15:17:14 UTC
Stable on mips