S4U2Self is an extension to Kerberos used in Active Directory to allow
a service to request a kerberos ticket to itself from the Kerberos Key
Distribution Center (KDC) for a non-Kerberos authenticated user
(principal in Kerboros parlance). This is useful to allow internal
code paths to be standardized around Kerberos.
S4U2Proxy (constrained-delegation) is an extension of this mechanism
allowing this impersonation to a second service over the network. It
allows a privileged server that obtained a S4U2Self ticket to itself
to then assert the identity of that principal to a second service and
present itself as that principal to get services from the second
There is a flaw in Samba's AD DC in the Heimdal KDC. When the Heimdal
KDC checks the checksum that is placed on the S4U2Self packet by the
server to protect the requested principal against modification, it
does not confirm that the checksum algorithm that protects the user
name (principal) in the request is keyed. This allows a
man-in-the-middle attacker who can intercept the request to the KDC to
modify the packet by replacing the user name (principal) in the
request with any desired user name (principal) that exists in the KDC
and replace the checksum protecting that name with a CRC32 checksum
(which requires no prior knowledge to compute).
This would allow a S4U2Self ticket requested on behalf of user name
(principal) user@EXAMPLE.COM to any service to be changed to a
S4U2Self ticket with a user name (principal) of
Administrator@EXAMPLE.COM. This ticket would then contain the PAC of
the modified user name (principal).
Resetting sanity check; package list is empty or all packages are done.