Wine is bug2bug compatible to the Windows Meta File API, including the SETABORTPROC code execution feature. That means that applications running under WINE are exploitable the same way as under windows.
Judging the scale and severity of the windows exploit, which even forced Microsoft to release a patch out of the normal cycle, immediate action should be taken.
A fix from Marcus Meissner is already available.
*** This bug has been marked as a duplicate of 118101 ***